Hispanics Now Largest Minority Group on Four-Year College Campuses
Hispanics now are the largest minority group on the nation’s four-year college campuses, according to an analysis of newly available U.S. Census Bureau data by the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of the Pew Research Center. For the first time, the number of 18- to 24-year-old Hispanics enrolled in college exceeded 2 million and reached a record 16.5 percent share of all college enrollments. Hispanics are the largest minority group on the nation’s college campuses—-four-year and two-year combined—-a milestone first achieved in 2010.
In the nation’s public schools, Hispanics also reached new milestones. For the first time, one-in-four (24.7 percent) public elementary school students is Hispanic. Among all pre-K through 12th grade U.S. public school students, a record 23.9 percent were Hispanic in 2011.
In both cases, rapid Hispanic population growth has played a role in driving Hispanic student enrollment gains over the past four decades. However, population growth alone does not explain all the enrollment gains made by Hispanic students in recent years. Today, with record high school completion rates, more young Hispanics than ever are eligible to attend college. And among these high school completers, a record share—-nearly half (46 percent)—-is enrolled in a two-year or four-year college.
Hispanics are the nation’s largest minority group, making up more than 50 million, or 16.5 percent, of the U.S. population. Among the 30 million young people ages 18 to 24, 6 million, or 20 percent, are Hispanic.
In addition to gains in enrollment, the number of degrees awarded to Hispanic college students has also reached new highs. In 2010, 140,000 bachelor’s degrees and 112,000 associate degrees were awarded to Hispanics. In both cases, Hispanics are a growing share of all degree recipients—-13.2 percent among those with an associate degree and 8.5 percent among those who received a bachelor’s degree in 2010. Despite these gains, the Hispanic share among degree recipients significantly lagged their share among 18- to 24-year-old students enrolled in two-year colleges (21.7 percent) and four-year colleges and universities (11.7 percent) in 2010.